Everything you need to know about Botox

May 17, 2018

Fast facts on Botox:

  • Botox is the most popular non-surgical cosmetic treatment, with more than 6 million Botox treatments administered each year.
  • Botox is a neurotoxin derived from Clostridium botulinum, an organism found in the natural environment where it is largely inactive and non-toxic.
  • Botulinum toxin is used to reduce fine lines and wrinkles by paralyzing the underlying muscles.
  • People also use Botox to treat excessive sweating, migraines, muscular disorders, and some bladder and bowel disorders.

What is Botox?

Clostridium botulinum, the bacterium from which Botox is derived, is found in many natural settings, including soil, lakes, and forests. The bacterium can also be found in the intestinal tracts of mammals and fish and in the gills and organs of crabs and other shellfish. Such naturally occurring instances of Clostridium botulinum bacteria and spores are generally harmless. Problems only arise when the spores transform into vegetative cells and the cell population increases. At a certain point, the bacteria begin producing botulinum toxin, the deadly neurotoxin responsible for botulism. Neurotoxins target the nervous system, disrupting the signaling processes that allow neurons to communicate effectively.

Function

Injected botulinum toxin prevents the release of acetylcholine, preventing contraction of the muscle cells. Botulinum toxin causes a reduction in abnormal muscle contraction, allowing the muscles to become less stiff.

Uses

Botulinum toxin is predominantly used as a treatment to reduce the appearance of facial wrinkles and fine lines. Botulinum toxin is currently used to treat over 20 different medical conditions, with more applications under investigation. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/158647.php

 


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